This disorder was known previously by the name Manic Depression. We now refer to it as Bipolar Disorder. People who fit the criteria for bipolar disorder experience extremes of emotions that lead to periods or phases of mania and depression. Mania or hypomania (a slightly less intense mania) may showcase as a person having bursts of energy, engaging in shopping sprees, rapid speech, little need for sleep, random sexual experiences, irritability, and or grandiosity in thoughts and behavior. In some cases, paranoia and psychotic features may present.
This period of mania typically will be followed by a period of depressive symptoms that could relate to the person sleeping for long periods of time, not engaging in work, social, or familial settings, and may report being sad, lonely, and hopeless to name a few.
Suicide attempts are not uncommon and a person may require hospitalization as a way to regain stability. Medication assessment and compliance are recommended as well as talk therapy for maximum efficacy.